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Gabriel Agreste has been akumatized. Gabriel Agreste has been amokized. Gabriel Agreste is the Butterfly Miraculous holder. Gabriel Agreste is a temporary user of the Cat Miraculous. Gabriel Agreste is a temporary user of the Ladybug Miraculous. Gabriel Agreste is the Fox Miraculous holder. Gabriel Agreste is the Turtle Miraculous holder. Gabriel Agreste is the Bee Miraculous holder. Gabriel Agreste is the Dragon Miraculous holder. Gabriel Agreste is the Dog Miraculous holder. Gabriel Agreste is a former Peacock Miraculous holder. Gabriel Agreste is a former Rabbit Miraculous holder.
This article is about the fashion designer, who is the current Butterfly Miraculous holder. You may be looking for the episode, the sentimonster, the webisode, the brand, or another Butterfly.

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I can't wait to see what you'll make of this, Ladybug.

—Gabriel, "Dearest Family"

Click here to see quotes from Gabriel Agreste.

Gabriel Agreste is the main antagonist of "Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir". He is a famous fashion designer across Paris and other places who created and owns the fashion brand, Gabriel. He is also the husband of Emilie Agreste and the father of Adrien Agreste, who models for him. [29]

With the Butterfly Miraculous, when inhabited by Nooroo, Gabriel transforms into Hawk Moth (Le Papillon in the French version, which translates to "The Butterfly"), who is the main villain of the television series. He wants Ladybug and Cat Noir's Miraculouses for himself in order to obtain absolute power and reshape reality to undo his and his wife's past mistakes. To achieve his goal, he uses the Butterfly Miraculous power: Akumatization. This allows him to create and controls the akumas, previously regular butterflies, who can transform normal people with negative emotions into supervillains.[30][31]

In "The Collector", in order to avoid the suspicion of being Hawk Moth because of him becoming a target for owning the Grimoire, he akumatizes himself into The Collector, a supervillain who has the power to imprison any person or object within his magical notebook as his weapon.

In "Catalyst", which is part of the Heroes' Day special, Hawk Moth is enhanced by the titular villain into Scarlet Moth as part of his plan to get the Ladybug and Cat Miraculouses and to take over the Quantic Universe.

In "Mayura", Hawk Moth is grudgingly amokized by Mayura, which made his despair form a moth-themed sentimonster to help him escape the French Miraculous superhero team who "caught him in their net".

In "Miracle Queen", he is amokized again by Mayura voluntarily, and his emotions of determination recreated the Moth-themed sentimonster to help him destroy Jade Turtle's Shell-ter so he could beat Ladybug and Cat Noir.

In "Truth" and throughout Season 4, Gabriel fuses the Butterfly Miraculous with the Peacock Miraculous after fixing it to become the supervillain Shadow Moth (Papillombre in the French version) and to become a stronger opponent.

In "Gabriel Agreste", during his hosted event, Shadow Moth amokizes himself and his vengeance and determination created a sentimonster version of himself to fool Félix, who thinks Gabriel is Shadow Moth and get one of the Graham de Vanily Twin Rings Félix stole from him.

In "Optigami", as part of the plan to reveal the true identities of Ladybug and Cat Noir, Shadow Moth amokizes himself and his excitement formed the sentimonster that looks like the TV host Alec Cataldi, called Sentialec. He also amokizes himself again to let his ambition form a sentimonster that looks like Nino Lahiffe, called Sentinino.

In "Sentibubbler", as a plan to force Alya Césaire to betray Ladybug, Shadow Moth amokizes himself and his confidence forms a sentimonster that looks like Nino's akumatized version The Bubbler, called Sentibubbler.

In "Hack-San", as a plan to force Markov to be angry so he can be re-akumatized, Shadow Moth amokizes himself and his determination and ambition form Hack-San which can install a virus into Markov.

In "Dearest Family", facing the obstacle that Ladybug's Magical Charms represent to prevent his plans, Shadow Moth is able to create an improved version of his akumas, called megakumas, that are able to break through the defenses of the Magical Charms and destroy them. During his successful experiment, Gabriel briefly akumatizes himself again into The Collector.

In "Ephemeral", Shadow Moth gets the Cat Miraculous from Adrien and fuses it with his Miraculouses to become Shadow Noir (Chatpillon in the French version[32]). He is also able to get the Ladybug Miraculous from Marinette and achieve his long goal to make his wish come true. Fortunately, after Sass uses Second Chance, Shadow Noir is erased from the reality.

In "Shadow Moth's Final Attack", Shadow Moth amokizes himself to create Strikeback. After a bargain with Félix, who is able to steal Ladybug’s yo-yo, Gabriel renounces the Peacock Miraculous, trading it for all the Miraculous in the Chinese Miracle Box, the ring his nephew had previously stolen from him, and the Dog Miraculous. Later, he fuses the Butterfly, Fox and Turtle Miraculouses so he can inform all of Paris about his victory over Ladybug.[33]

In "Evolution", having come to the possession of all the Miraculous in Ladybug's Miracle Box, Gabriel decides to adopt a brand new supervillain identity, becoming Monarch.[34] In the same episode, he fuses the Butterfly and Rabbit Miraculouses to go to the past to discover Ladybug and Cat Noir's secret identities and to prevent his wife's coma. Later, he fuses them with the Turtle, the Fox, the Bee, the Dragon and the Dog Miraculouses to prevent Ladybug and Cat Noir from stopping him.

In "Illusion", for an unknown reason, Gabriel will once again akumatize himself into The Collector.[35]


Physical appearance

Gabriel is a very tall and muscular man whose skin tone is fair with a rosy tint. He has pale, light grayish cerulean eyes and combed-back light blond or grey hair, depending on the episode.

Civilian attire

Gabriel wears black-framed silver glasses. He has a white high collar dress shirt underneath a medium gray stripped vest with red buttons and a very pale yellow dress jacket, without buttons, along with a red-and-white striped ascot tie. Under the tie, he has the Butterfly Miraculous pinned on his shirt. He also wears red dress pants and white dress shoes, with black soles, and red laces. On the middle finger of his left hand, he has a silver band ring, which is sometimes depicted on his right hand.

As Hawk Moth

Hawk Moth wears a high dark purple dress shirt without a collar, over which he wears a darker purple jacket with a black butterfly-shaped lapel. The Butterfly Miraculous is placed on the center of his chest. He also wears dress pants, in the same shade of the jacket, and black gloves and dress shoes without laces. Over the majority of his face and neck, he wears a silver mask, which is black around his neck. Whenever he is controlling someone with an akuma, a bright pink butterfly-shaped outline appears above his face and around his eyes. He also has a dark indigo cane with a purple gemstone on top of it.

As The Collector

The Collector's skin is pale purple. His hair sticks up in a point and is white with black vertical stripes, along the back of his head and his neck being black. He wears a bluish black pointed shouldered dress suit with a white lapel and black and red downward-bent stripes on the front. Each lower sleeve has a white stripe, and the Collector's hands have white gloves. Also, he wears bluish black dress pants and darker black high heel boots that are connected to them. Those heels of them are cone-shaped with white downward bent stripes.

As Scarlet Moth

Scarlet Moth's outfit is the same as Hawk Moth's except it is colored strong crimson due to the enhancement from Catalyst. His mask, cane, and the Butterfly Miraculous are also colored the same red.

As Shadow Moth

Shadow Moth's suit is the same as Hawk Moth's, except he now owns a moderate blue-violet tailcoat with the tail possessing a number of rounded points with moderate blue, dark-purple-centered spots, resembling a peacock's tail feathers. The lapel of that tailcoat makes a large collar that's wider at the back, and he wears a peacock-feather-like cocktail mask which is the same color as his tailcoat and tear-shaped with a darker purple mark in the center and a brilliant crimson translucent eyehole over his right eye. In his Shadow Moth form, the Peacock Miraculous is being placed below where the Butterfly Miraculous brooch is.

As Shadow Noir

Shadow Noir possesses a black bodysuit, showing his muscular build, with grey accents that covers his entire body, including his head, except his eyes, that have purple scleras, and the area of his mouth, with the outline of his butterfly mask being noticed and cat-ear-like appendices at the top. He also has peacock-feather-like ornaments on his chest, back of his hands and forehead that are dark purple with a lilac center. From the ornament on his chest, there's two grey collar-like appendices. From the back side of his waist, he has a long cat tail with the tip looking like a peacock feather with a purple center with a gray outline. He has the Butterfly and Peacock Miraculouses at the same place he has them when he is Shadow Moth and the Cat Miraculous on his right ring finger.

As Monarch

On a first transformation, Monarch possesses a purple turtle-neck shirt with purple pants and black shoes. Over the shirt, he has a purple sleeveless tailcoat with a black butterfly-shaped lapel with a decoration similar to that of a stained glass with the respective colors of each Miraculous he uses and pockets with black edging. Over the upper half of his face, he uses a black butterfly-shaped mask with the Horse Miraculous, with his skin being purple and the eyes having a vibrant purple sclera and lighter purple iris. He uses the Monkey Miraculous around his head, the Ox Miraculous on his nose and his hair is white and decorated with the Goat Miraculous (over his temples) and the Bee Miraculous (at the back). The Butterfly Miraculous is located serving as a button uniting the two halves of the lapel at the center of his body, while he uses the Dog, Dragon, Mouse and Fox Miraculouses as collars, the Snake Miraculous on his left wrist, the Tiger Miraculous on his left hand, the Turtle Miraculous on his right wrist, the Rooster Miraculous on his right thumb and the Pig Miraculous on his left ankle. The Rabbit Miraculous is located in the right pocket of his tailcoat.

On a second transformation, Monarch now only uses his Butterfly Miraculous, which is located at its previous location, but his suit has changed regarding the last one. It is now similar to the one he had as Hawk Moth, but having a dark purple tail coat over its jacket with a big black butterfly-shaped lapel. On his head, he has a hooded mask covering the upper half of his face, with the front part being shapped as a butterfly. He remains having the purple skin and the eyes he had on his unified form. On his fingers, he has a set of rings, each having a symbol of the Miraculous he currently has, that he uses to transfer the power of the Miraculous to his akumatized villains, with them being posiotioned like this: Mouse on his left thumb, Dragon and Butterfly on his left index finger, Bee and Goat on his left middle finger, Dog on his left ring finger, Tiger on his left pinky finger, Ox on his right thumb, Horse and Monkey on his right index finger, Fox and Snake on his right middle finger, Turtle and Rooster on his right ring finger and Pig on his right pinky finger.

For more of Gabriel's outfits and designs, see Gabriel Agreste/Designs.


Gabriel comes off as a cold, harsh, and very strict man. He is very protective of his son Adrien, having kept him home for most of his life, although having a possessive and distant relationship with him. He makes executive decisions about how to keep his son safe without considering how he may feel, such as unjustly deeming Nino Lahiffe a bad influence for Adrien and forbids him from coming to his home ever again. Gabriel misses his wife greatly and sometimes has to be reminded that his son is also grieving as well, making him oblivious to the feelings of others. According to Adrien in "Adrien's Double Life", ever since the “disappearance” of his wife, he is a changed man. That strongly dislikes taking orders from anyone, even if they are from people who are trying to help and protect him, such as Ladybug and Cat Noir. Despite this, Gabriel can be respectful and kind at times, especially when needing to act professionally.

As Hawk Moth, he is cold and determined. After a villain's defeat, he determinedly vows revenge and, while stopping for some time, doesn't wait too long to try again with his akumas. His goal is to claim the Ladybug and Cat Miraculouses (and later all the Miraculouses in the world) to gain their absolute power necessary to achieve his dearest secret wish, not caring if he causes people to harm in the process, even to his own son. He is aware of the equivalent exchange drawback of making a wish with the Miraculouses, every wish having a reaction to maintain balance in the universe, but it doesn't appear to bother him, leading to him being very ignorant, cocky, overconfident, and reckless about the magic he wielded or wished to obtained on several occasions.[36] Meaning that he doesn't always think things through, such as him being unaware of the after-effects of using such magic, not recalling his akuma back before he lost it in "Startrain" or when he praised Chloé for using the remaining jewels against Ladybug and Cat Noir unaware that she could've severely hurt herself by doing so.

He is also very stubborn as he refuses to listen to Nooroo about how the Butterfly Miraculous should be used, showing no remorse about all the damage and chaos he caused in Paris and is also very desperate to save his wife. It was the consumption of said obsessive feelings that twisted his heart so much that the alternate future of "Cat Blanc" and "Miraculous Shanghai", it led to his own demise. However, as the battle goes on to save her, he is wracked with guilt and worry for Nathalie as she used the damaged Peacock Miraculous before it was fixed in "Nathalie as seen by Gabriel".

Those said feelings mentioned above are what deeply affected his moral compass, as he uses them to encourage his minions to do the same. As seen in "Truth", "Lies", "Gang of Secrets", as well as most episodes, he's fine with helping others expose the secrets of those close to them by any means necessary, but for himself, he hides biggest truth or lie of them all. On occasion, he misuses the power of good emotions through his villains to do his bidding by force seen in "The Bubbler" and "Zombizou". He assumes what he wants is what they want regardless of how it's done. Even though, he's doing all this destruction for his family Gabriel is really doing it for himself as no child would ask for this let alone it was their mistake for using the once damaged Peacock Miraculous and ignoring the consequences.[37] He also claimed that the outside world was dangerous, but he was responsible for everything by using the Miraculous irresponsibly, he actually made himself a danger to his own son. In his rap song, he said that Ladybug and Cat Noir were playing their superhero game like as he meant for the damage he caused not to happen.

Hawk Moth's akumatized villains are his most powerful known weapon, so he chooses his victims carefully, usually people who are emotionally at their weakest. He is a skilled liar and manipulator, persuading people that he cares about their problems and gives them powers to help solve them but really, he does it because he wants them to retrieve the Miraculouses for him and gives them ideas if they are struggling to think of one.[38] However if things aren't going his way, Hawk Moth easily loses his patience, threatening harm to Ladybug, Cat Noir, and even the villains he creates. He sometimes uses puns, such as telling the akuma in "The Evillustrator".

Despite these traits, Hawk Moth can be merciful with those he cares about, such as when he orders the supervillain to drop Ladybug in order to save Adrien, in "Gorizilla". He is obsessed with finding a way to save his wife but is willing to give up his evil ways to protect Adrien from being caught in the crossfire or being targeted by the villains he creates. This situation, along with his frustration that even Audrey Bourgeois, who he believed was his greatest masterpiece, made him temporarily renounce his role as a villain. However, he decided to continue to be Hawk Moth after Queen Bee appeared, viewing the opportunity to akumatize a Miraculous holder as too good to pass up. Though his goal is specifically getting Ladybug and Cat Noir’s Miraculouses, when Gabriel told Nooroo that he is going to kidnap the kwami friends of the latter so he can have unlimited powers at his disposal, it is implied that he has become power-hungry due to being Hawk Moth for a long time and is addicted to yearning power to an extreme degree that he will grasp every opportunity to seize power in order to have easier access on stealing the Ladybug Miraculous and Cat Miraculous. Such as when, Alya played his greed against him in "Sentibubbler".

It is also implied in "Evolution" that using so many Miraculous at once is affecting his sanity. How he eagerly used the Rabbit Miraculous out of greed and impatience which caused him to lose it.

Also, one of his greatest weaknesses is that he seems to underestimate people or his enemies as he taunted Ladybug and Cat Noir for being young, but the heroes had proven their moral compasses are stronger than his. As he also has a habit of celebrating too soon when the heroes are weaken by his many akumatized villains, thinking it will get him closer to the heroes' Miraculouses. In "Cat Blanc", when he said that if Ladybug truly loved Adrien, she let him save his mother, suspecting that they would use the same tactics. As seen in "Gang of Secrets", he was shocked that Alya broke his hold, calling it impossible, foolishly believing that his link couldn't be broken.

He seems to have a limited perspective on the Butterfly's true meaning; as he said in "Stormy Weather 2", "people don't change they grow". However, Gabriel failed to realize with change comes growth, and growth comes change as Master Fu believed in the events of "The Battle of the Miraculous" that he talks too much for someone who hasn't achieved much so far. Meaning he's done so much to change himself and others on the outside he neglected inner changes, and by letting his negative feelings run wild for too long, Gabriel wasn't only in denial or angry about the past; but afraid of it, which could also explain why he hides like a caterpillar that is afraid to come out of his cocoon which might also explain why he didn't trust Adrien with the truth.

Despite his strategic brilliance, Gabriel seems to overlook easier solutions when fixing a problem, such as when Emilie got put into a coma as a result of overusing the damaged Peacock Miraculous. He needed a cure which he thought could be done by using the Ultimate Power when really all he needed was to ask Master Fu for help when instead all he cared about was knowing Ladybug and Cat Noir identities. Also meaning he was quick to use force to get what he wants as well as impatient, leading him to doubt the use of other options but also the help and support of others.

Like Ladybug, Gabriel too has come under the stress of living a double life, not finding it easy to be himself and his alter ego mentioned in "Nathalie as seen by Gabriel".

As The Collector, being a voluntary akumatized villain, his personality doesn't change much. He is obsessed with collecting everything he likes to replace the Miraculous spellbook but is still determined to take Ladybug and Cat Noir's Miraculouses. He also knows that he must protect his secret identity, referring to himself in third-person by telling the heroes none of the wiser that he would "give" their Miraculouses to Hawk Moth in order to throw them off his trail.


As Gabriel

Gabriel discusses, with Kagami's mother, a partnership between their brands.

Gabriel is an expert at designing fashions for clothes, accessories, and jewelry. According to Audrey Bourgeois, the harshest fashion critic, she didn't see other talents as great as his until she met Marinette Dupain-Cheng. Additionally, owning the Gabriel brand, Gabriel is well-versed at running a business, including solving problems by phone concerning design issues and presenting himself professionally when around others.

Gabriel talks to Audrey about Marinette winning a fashion design competition.

Gabriel has good hindsight and suspicions about things, revealing he had suspected that there are more Miraculouses in the city and a guardian after Rena Rouge's appearance. In "Syren", he reveals that he'd suspected that Miraculouses had hidden powers after seeing Ladybug and Cat Noir in their aqua forms. He also believed that Adrien could be Cat Noir until he indirectly tricked him that he wasn't. According to Miraculous Secrets, he caused chaos in Paris in the first place, not only to find superheroes, but a guardian in the city to decipher the spellbook.

He later noticed Ladybug's disappearances in the middle of battles to bring allies, suspecting that she went to the Guardian of the Miraculouses.

Gabriel uses Lila as an ally to assist him in his plan.

Despite being often outsmarted by Ladybug, Gabriel proved to be a brilliant strategist and tactician. Not being deceived by Ladybug like his villains, he has proven himself to be cautious and careful like the superheroine herself. In order to avoid the suspicion of being Hawk Moth, he akumatizes himself. He showed that he is willing to use dirty or unfair tactics such as using sheer numbers to wear the superheroes down and resorting to surprise attacks, as seen in “Heroes’ Day”. He noticed that both Lila and Chloé had great potential and unfinished business with Ladybug, planning to use this to his advantage not only to akumatize them (especially the latter as she had a Miraculous) but also form alliances with them.

Gabriel plays a duet on the piano with Adrien.

Since Nathalie stole Fu's tablet with the deciphered spellbook pages, Gabriel has knowledge about the process to repair Miraculouses, several spells such as the incantation needed for the wish-granting power of the Ladybug and Cat Miraculouses, and the recipes for the potions which grant more powers to the holders. However just like, Master Fu and Marinette, since the former master was only able to partially decode the Miraculous spellbook, it's likely his understanding is limited as well.

Gabriel has many talents, which his son later learned: He is very skilled at fencing, knows how to play the piano and perform a duo, and is able to speak Japanese and other languages fluently. Furthermore, Gabriel is able to grow and harvest butterflies.

As Hawk Moth

Hawk Moth has enhanced skills such as speed, agility, strength, and near-invulnerability. Despite the fact that he doesn't often fight directly, Hawk Moth is a capable sword fighter, being able to defend himself and destroy miniature missiles from his own lair's defense protocol with his swordstick. His prowess is enough to overpower younger combatants like Ladybug and Cat Noir.

The brooch allows him to feel negative emotions by making a high-pitched sound and lights up.

Even without being transformed, Hawk Moth's Miraculous allows him to feel emotions, whether positive or negative, like an empath, so he can precisely pinpoint the person's name and the reason why they have negative emotions. Hawk Moth can control many akumas to form a swarm that makes a large version of his head, which he can speak through, which is shown in "Stoneheart".

Hawk Moth uses his swarm of akumas to form a large version of his head which he can speak through them.

Hawk Moth's main superpower is Akumatization, charging butterflies with dark energy, which transforms them into akumas and then sending them out to possess an object of a vulnerable person. He can also keep his butterflies in his cane if he needs to use an akuma in another location other than his lair. If his targets agree to serve him, he transforms them into supervillains by corrupting their personalities and granting them a wide variety of superpowers or special abilities. He can also telepathically communicate with his so-called "winners". A pink butterfly-shaped outline appears in front of his and the villains' faces when he does so.

Hawk Moth fights against his lair's defense security protocol system slicing a missile with his cane's swordstick.

However, he is only able to create one villain at a time over the course of an indeterminate amount of time, he needs to convince his victims to accept the powers that he grants, and the akumatized that he creates do still have a will of their own and can either disobey him or carry out his orders incompetently. Still, if a supervillain doesn't go and retrieve the Miraculous like they were asked to, Hawk Moth can control their bodies for a brief amount of time in order to inflict pain onto them until they agree to do it as quickly as possible. He is also capable of purifying an akuma himself.

Hawk Moth learns about the capabilities of the brooch and Ladybug and Cat Noir's Miraculous.

When an akuma isn't purified by Ladybug, it will multiply and turn other people into frozen copies of the original akumatized villain. Hawk Moth can recall and trap the original akuma in the top of his cane in order to release it again when the victim gets sad or angry once more. This turns the victim into the same akumatized villain, but it also unfreezes the copies of them, which the original villain can command and control.

However, once the original akuma is de-evilized, its copies vanish, reverting the duplicates of the villain back to normal. As shown in Miraculous Shanghai, Hawk Moth can reuse a released akuma instead of multiplying it, akumatizing another person when in need. Hawk Moth is capable of akumatizing any kind of being, not only humans, as long they are capable of feeling emotions. He was able to akumatize Markov, who is an AI with real emotions, Master Fu's Dormant Sentimonster, that is a sentimonster, and Mei Shi, who is a lion spirit.

As The Collector

The Collector using his notebook to defend himself from the CDs being thrown towards him.

The Collector is able to trap objects and people in the form of drawings inside his notebook. He throws the notebook like a boomerang, and while the notebook can go very far distances, once it captures something or someone by hitting them, it returns to him wherever he is.

No matter how big the item is, the book can trap the object inside.

This is intensified as he can summon it. He can also utilize the notebook as a shield against projectiles, opening the book, either holding it sturdily or waving it around, so it traps the object being thrown towards him. Anything it passes through is trapped, no matter how big it is. However, there is a limit to how much can be absorbed, as shown when Ladybug used a makeshift conveyor belt to launch a barrage of Adrien's CDs at him, and he used his book to absorb them. When he then tried to absorb Ladybug, he found that the book's pages were all full and could not absorb anything more. Additionally, The Collector is quick and agile, easily flipping, jumping, and dodging attacks.

As Scarlet Moth

Scarlet Moth releases scarlet akumas with his cane.

Scarlet Moth has the same abilities as Hawk Moth, but he is stronger as he can create as many akumatized villains as he desires. This is caused by his cane getting affected by Catalyst's enhancement. He can use his cane to summon more scarlet akumas to make the heroes feel intimidated and outnumbered. Instead of creating normal akumas, he creates scarlet akumas, which are dark crimson red, just like the akumatized.

Scarlet Moth proves to be a powerful opponent against Ladybug and Cat Noir.

Unlike normal akumatized villains, Scarlet Moth can akumatize his victims without having to ask for their permission, and the created villains are bound to obey him, showing that the will that they still had a normal akumatization is now diminished. He used Dark Cupid to create the negative emotions he needed so he could akumatize more villains.

As Shadow Moth

As Shadow Moth, he possesses the abilities of both the Butterfly and the Peacock Miraculouses, having the ability to create akumatized champions along with sentimonsters as their allies. He also possesses both the cane and the hand-fan as a weapon, using the feathers of the latter to create his amoks. After either the akuma or the amok make contact, the fusion of the light mask of both Akumatization and Amokization appears on them.

As Shadow Noir

As Shadow Noir, he possesses the abilities of both the Butterfly, Peacock and Cat Miraculouses, having the ability to create akumatized champions along with sentimonsters as their allies, as well the use of Cataclysm. He also possesses both the cane, the hand-fan and the staff as a weapon, using the feathers of the fan to create his amoks. After he got the Ladybug Miraculous, he got the ability to use the Ultimate Miraculous Absolute Power, using it to grant his wish.

As Monarch

Due to possessing 15 Miraculouses, Monarch is immensely powerful and can wield the signature abilities of each jewel. However, the more he uses in tandem, the more a toll it takes on his body. In this form, he can use (in addition to his powers as a Butterfly Miraculous user):

  • Mirage to cast and communicate through hyper-realistic illusions
  • Venom to paralyze anyone he touches with the spinning top
  • Shellter to create a nigh-unbreakable force field
  • Multitude to split himself into any amount of smaller clones
  • Resistance to gain immunity to other superpowers
  • Clout to gain an energy boost and release it as a punch that overwhelms anything it encounters
  • Burrow to traverse time and space
    • This is the power of the first Miraculous taken back from him by Ladybug and Cat Noir
  • Wind, Water, and Lightning Dragon to transform and manipulate the elements of wind, water, and lightning
  • Second Chance to rewind time to a previously marked moment
  • Voyage to open a portal to anywhere in the universe
  • Genesis to create any object he desires, but he cannot endow it with any magical qualities
  • Uproar to manifest an object that chaotically disrupts an opponent's superpowers
  • Sublimation to grant himself a superability of his choosing
  • Fetch to retrieve a previously marked item, no matter where it is
  • Gift to manifest an image of a person's happiest desire, placating them and driving away negative forces
After coming across the drawback of wearing too many Miraculous at the same time and the loss of the Rabbit Miraculous, Monarch decides to use the powers he had stolen from Ladybug in a way that doesn't cause him to be negativelly affected or at the risk of losing any more Miraculous. With the help of a technology developted by Tomoe Tsurugi and her company, Monarch will now be able to transfer the power of the Miraculous to his akumatized villains without the need to wear the Miraculous and unify any of them with his Butterfly Miraculous.


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Graham de Vanily
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Graham de Vanily

    = Male

    = Female

    = Gender Unknown



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Comics and books



Hawk Moth's appearance in the Ladybug PV.

  • The name "Hawk Moth" is the common name of some moths in the family Sphingidae.
  • Hawk Moth's appearance is very different from his appearance in the Ladybug PV. In the PV, he doesn't wear a mask, has white hair and silver eyes, and wears a white dress suit with a pale tan vest and bow.
  • The design of Hawk Moth's mask is a reference to the supervillain Fantômas from the 1964 French film with the same name.[40] It also likely resembles the spy from Team Fortress 2.
  • After sending an akuma, he rotates his staff with his left hand, which possibly indicates Gabriel is left-handed.
  • Gabriel is one of the tallest characters in the series.[41]
    • Strangely, Hawk Moth is depicted taller than Gabriel, while in reality, they are the same height.
      • However, this varies depending on the episode, as in episodes such as "Catalyst" and "Ladybug", he's portrayed as the same height, while in "Reflekdoll", Hawk Moth is depicted taller.
  • Gabriel's phone number, as listed in Adrien's phone contacts, is +33678424.

The hologram flickering, requiring Nathalie to adjust it

  • Gabriel's car can show holograms of himself, which he uses to being seen outside his mansion when he is actually inside.
File:VP (22).png

Gabriel putting the Miraculous book in his safe.

  • Gabriel has a secret safe behind the painting of Emilie Agreste in his atelier. It contains a picture of Emilie Agreste, tickets for Tibet, and the Miraculous spellbook.
    • In "Volpina", Adrien takes the Miraculous book, unbeknownst to Gabriel, and the book eventually ends up in Marinette's hands. Once he discovers that it is missing in "The Collector", he, despite having the book's pages saved digitally, becomes very angry and punishes Adrien, most likely due to the book, making him the primary suspect for being Hawk Moth.
    • The painting of Emilie Agreste also conceals another secret — access to the entrance to Hawk Moth's lair and the repository. The passage opens when certain spots of the painting are pressed.
  • Gabriel is quite rich, as he owns a very big mansion in the centre of Paris, a self-driving car, a private jet, an assistant, a bodyguard, and a private chef.
  • Hawk Moth is called "Butterfly" in other early sources.[31]
    • In the European Spanish version, Hawk Moth's name is Lepidóptero, which comes from the scientific order called Lepidoptera, which contains all butterflies and moths.
      • That said, when having his powers enhanced by Catalyst, he is called Escarlóptero (the combination of the words Escarlate, which means "scarlet", and Lepidóptero).
      • When fusing the Butterfly Miraculous and the Peacock Miraculous, he is called Sombradóptero (the combination of the words Sombra, which means "shadow", and Lepidóptero).
    • In European Portuguese, Hawk Moth's name is Falcão Traça, which is the literal translation of the English version.
      • That said, when having his powers enhanced by Catalyst, he is called Traça Escarlate, which is the literal translation of the English version.
      • When fusing the Butterfly Miraculous and the Peacock Miraculous, he is called Sombra Traça, which is the literal translation of the English version.
    • In the Italian dub, when fusing the Butterfly Miraculous and the Peacock Miraculous, he is called Falena Oscura, which means "dark moth".
  • According to Thomas Astruc, Shadow Moth was originally going to be called Peacock Moth (Paonpillon in the French dub) but was scrapped because it wasn't dark enough.[42][43]
    • "Peacock Moth" is also the name of a number of species of butterflies.
    • In "Lies", Cat Noir states that he believes Shadow Moth should be called Peacock Moth when he taunts the titular villain.
  • During season 1, when his secret identity was unknown, there were clues suggesting that Gabriel was Hawk Moth:
    • Gabriel and Hawk Moth have the same voice actors in many dubs, including English, French, German, Spanish (both versions), Italian, and Korean dubs.
    • In "The Bubbler", it was not actually confirmed that Gabriel had been kidnapped by the bubbles of the titular villain.
    • In "Mr. Pigeon", Gabriel was imagined in Marinette's mind with a purple tie resembling the Butterfly Miraculous.
    • In "Ladybug & Cat Noir", the silhouette of the civilian form of Hawk Moth is very similar to that of Gabriel, and they seem to have the same clothes, in addition to having a picture of Emilie.
    • In "Simon Says", Hawk Moth states that "it's risky" when he hears Simon Says say he will take Gabriel Agreste when he never showed any concern for anyone else his akumatized villains endanger.
      • As soon as Gabriel is left alone, Hawk Moth appears and is seen to walk ahead, and still, in the same scene, he still seemed worried about what Simon Says was doing.
      • When Gabriel saw Simon Says for the first time, he makes a serious face. Also, when Simon Says' controlled army hold Gabriel, he makes a angry face.
      • When Simon Says caught Gabriel and takes him to the interview room, Gabriel didn't show any scare for him.
      • When Gabriel is hypnotized, Simon Says tells him that he is a butterfly.
      • Gabriel proves to be attracted to Ladybug and Cat Noir's Miraculouses.
    • In both "Rogercop" and "The Mime", Gabriel isn't available when Hawk Moth is transformed.

Emilie Agreste's image in the Butterfly Miraculous.

      • According to Astruc, Hawk Moth's identity was meant to be a big secret only to kids, not the teens and adults watching the show.[44]
  • As revealed in "The Dark Owl", Hawk Moth's intentions for getting Ladybug and Cat Noir's Miraculouses is to change a past event.
    • In "Zombizou", he mentions that his cherished wish is linked to love.
    • In "Queen Wasp" and "Catalyst", it is hinted that Gabriel's intentions for getting the Ladybug and Cat Miraculouses are linked to a promise with Emilie.
    • In "Party Crasher", Gabriel mentions that the past event seems to be a mistake he and Emilie made.
      • The mistake is first revealed to be that Emilie used the broken Peacock Miraculous in the webisode "Gabriel" and was later hinted at in episodes such as "Feast" and "Ladybug".
  • Hawk Moth usually reveals his name to his victims when he corrupts them. However, he never gave out his name to the Evillustrator, Lady Wifi, Darkblade, Animaestro, Miraculer, Gamer 2.0, Stormy Weather in "Stormy Weather 2", The Puppeteer in "The Puppeteer 2", and the Punishers Trio.
    • However, it's not the first time he akumatizes Sabrina, Max, Aurore, Manon, and Alya, Rose, and Juleka.
  • Despite being busy with a job in his atelier, Gabriel is constantly seen in his lair. This is likely because he is rarely seen out of his mansion, as mentioned by Marinette as Ladybug and Nadja Chamack. He is always seen in his home or through Nathalie's tablet, except for "Queen's Battle", "Backwarder", "Party Crasher", "Miraculous New York", "Miraculous Shanghai", and "Ephemeral".

Gabriel's Magical Charm

  • In "Volpina", Adrien confuses a previous owner of the Butterfly Miraculous for Hawk Moth upon seeing his picture in the Miraculous Spellbook.
  • Wilfried Pain has confirmed that Hawk Moth also has an origin story.[45]
    • Thomas Astruc additionally claimed that season 2 would explain how Hawk Moth found the Butterfly Miraculous[46] (although this information was ultimately not revealed in season 2). It was later revealed in "Nathalie as seen by Gabriel" that Nathalie found the Butterfly and Peacock Miraculouses, as well as the Grimoire, during a trip with Gabriel and Emilie to Tibet.
    • Astruc also intended season 3 to reveal why Hawk Moth needs the Miraculouses. It's heavily implied that it is to get Emilie out of her coma, caused by using the broken Peacock Miraculous.
  • In some dubs, Gabriel and Hawk Moth have different voice actors. Examples are the Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Polish, Hungarian (only season 1), and Dutch dubs.[47][48][49]
  • Hawk Moth appears in every episode of the first three seasons. This makes him, alongside Marinette and Ladybug, the only forms of any character to appear in all episodes.
    • Similarly, Shadow Moth appears in every episode of season 4.
  • Gabriel is the first to unify 3 Miraculouses together in the series, unifying the Butterfly, Peacock and Cat Miraculouses in "Ephemeral" to become Shadow Noir. Later on, he also comes to use a fourth, the Ladybug Miraculous. However, due to Sass using Second Chance, Shadow Noir is erased from existence.
  • The character Void Knight from Power Rangers Dino Fury shares multiple similarities to him, which could imply he is inspired by Hawk Moth.
  • Counting the alternate timeline from "Ephemeral", Gabriel is the only known person to have had all miraculouses from the Chinese Miracle Box at some point in time, after Fu lost the Butterfly and the Peacock.
  • As The Collector didn't leave the lair prior to deakumatizing himself in "Dearest Family", he's the second akumatized villain, following Catalyst (in both "Heroes' Day" and "Ladybug"), whose akumatization Ladybug and Cat Noir are unaware of.
  • In all six episodes Hawk Moth's transformation is seen in ("Gorizilla", "Queen Wasp", "Catalyst", "Stormy Weather 2", "Heart Hunter", and "Miraculous Shanghai"), the transformation music is different than the music in all other episodes, making it the only transformation to be different in some way (music, holder's facial expression, holder's clothes, etc.) every time it appears. The music from "Miraculous Shanghai" is later used during Shadow Moth's transformation in both "Truth" and "Queen Banana", although there are slight changes.
  • As of "Strikeback", Gabriel is the only known person outside of the Order of the Guardians to have all the Miraculouses from the Chinese Miracle Box in his possession. However, unlike the order, he didn't have all of them at the same time, and his ownership of the Cat and Ladybug Miraculouses was in an alternate, now erased, timeline.
  • As of "Evolution", he is the first person to have worn every miraculous in the Chinese Miracle Box and even one in the Native American Miracle Box too.


Click here to view the image gallery for Gabriel Agreste.
Click here to view the gallery.


  1. https://twitter.com/Thomas_Astruc/status/654288266334732293
  2. https://norske-dubber.fandom.com/no/wiki/Miraculous_Ladybug_%26_Cat_Noir_p%C3%A5_eventyr_(TV-serie)
  3. http://www.dubbningshemsidan.se/credits/miraculous/
  4. https://www.disney.co.jp/tv/dc/program/anime/miraculousladybug.html
  5. https://www.facebook.com/notes/dubbers-incmalaysia/senarai-pengalih-suara-miraculous-tales-of-ladybug-cat-noir-bahasa-malaysia/10158174682148307/
  6. https://ensiklopedia-alih-suara-bahasa-melayu.fandom.com/ms/wiki/Miraculous:_Tales_of_Ladybug_%26_Cat_Noir
  7. By Adrien.
  8. By Nooroo.
  9. Nino refers to him as this in "Lady Wifi".
  10. By Gigantitan in "Gigantitan".
  11. By Style Queen.
  12. By Anansi.
  13. The akumatized boy refers to him as this in "Sandboy".
  14. By Félix.
  15. By Cat Noir in "Ladybug".
  16. Cat Noir refers to him as this in "Lies".
  17. Bob Roth refers to him as this throughout "Mr. Pigeon 72".
  18. By Harry Clown in "Psycomedian".
  19. Nino refers to him as this in "Guiltrip".
  20. By Sabine Cheng in "Qilin"
  21. Miraculous Character Heights.png
  22. In "Gamer 2.0"
  23. In "Simpleman"
  24. In "Dearest Family"
  25. In "Penalteam"
  26. In "Dark Cupid"
  27. In "Psycomedian"
  28. In "Simpleman"
  29. http://miraculeusecoccinelle.tumblr.com/post/129733355946/miraculous-les-aventures-de-ladybug-et-chat-noir
  30. http://www.animationmagazine.net/licensing/pgs-secures-deals-for-ladybug/
  31. 31.0 31.1 https://www.facebook.com/Miraculous.Ladybug/photos/a.296331537138512.58163.290735154364817/578155768956086/?type=1
  32. https://twitter.com/Winny_IRL/status/1457954155771973634
  33. https://twitter.com/Thomas_Astruc/status/1503712375148630031
  34. https://twitter.com/MiraculousMX/status/1519346230907879429
  35. https://twitter.com/Winny_IRL/status/1539661468689281025 (Image: File:Illusion Recording Session.png)
  36. Thomas Astruc stated this at Mangafest 2017.
  37. Nathalie as seen by Gabriel
  38. https://twitter.com/Thomas_Astruc/status/872023906080755713
  39. https://twitter.com/Thomas_Astruc/status/708782595270692864
  40. https://twitter.com/Thomas_Astruc/status/666886417239449600
  41. https://twitter.com/WinnyGZ/status/731025406552379392
  42. https://twitter.com/Thomas_Astruc/status/1395099843039834115
  43. https://twitter.com/Thomas_Astruc/status/1395120381971869697
  44. https://twitter.com/Thomas_Astruc/status/1058374108956815361
  45. https://twitter.com/WinnyGZ/status/776887360667672578
  46. Report on Thomas Astruc at Japan Weekend: https://twitter.com/Ladybug_Cartoon/status/780063589432451072
  47. http://dublanet.com.br/forum1/showthread.php?28044-Miraculous-As-Aventuras-de-Ladybug-(Miraculous-Tales-of-Ladybug-amp-Cat-Noir)
  48. Gabriel's page in the Polish wiki.
  49. http://www.gyerek-vilag.tk/2015/12/miraculous-katicabogar-es-fekete-macska-kalandjai-a-szinkronhangok.html

ve Characters
Miraculous holders and related characters

French Miraculous superhero team
Marinette Dupain-Cheng/LadybugAdrien Agreste/Cat NoirAlix Kubdel/Bunnyx

Other Miraculous holders
Jessica Keynes/Eagle

Miraculous holders with other Miraculouses

Ladybug Miraculous
Adrien Agreste/Mister BugAlya Césaire/Scarabella

Cat Miraculous
Marinette Dupain-Cheng/Lady NoireAdrien Agreste/Cat Walker

Snake Miraculous
Adrien Agreste/Aspik

Mouse Miraculous
Marinette Dupain-Cheng/Multimouse

Dog Miraculous
Alix Kubdel/Canigirl

Unified Miraculous holders

Mouse and Fox Miraculous
Marinette Dupain-Cheng/Multifox

Mouse and Ladybug Miraculous
Marinette Dupain-Cheng/Multibug

Mouse and Cat Miraculous
Marinette Dupain-Cheng/Multinoir

Ladybug and Dragon Miraculous
Marinette Dupain-Cheng/Dragon Bug

Cat and Snake Miraculous
Adrien Agreste/Snake Noir

Butterfly and Peacock Miraculous
Gabriel Agreste/Shadow Moth

Ladybug and Bee Miraculous
Marinette Dupain-Cheng/Lady Bee

Ladybug and Horse Miraculous
Marinette Dupain-Cheng/Pegabug

Butterfly, Peacock and Cat Miraculous
Gabriel Agreste/Shadow Noir

Ladybug, Horse and Rabbit Miraculous
Marinette Dupain-Cheng/Pelibug

Gabriel Agreste/Monarch


Former Miraculous holders
Alya Césaire/Rena Rouge/Rena FurtiveAncient Butterfly Miraculous holderAncient Ladybug Miraculous holderAncient Chinese Bee Miraculous holderAncient Chinese Butterfly Miraculous holderAncient Chinese Dragon Miraculous holderAncient Chinese Fox Miraculous holderAncient Chinese Horse Miraculous holderAncient Chinese Monkey Miraculous holderAncient Chinese Peacock Miraculous holderAncient Chinese Snake Miraculous holderAncient Chinese Turtle Miraculous holderAncient Egyptian Miraculous holderAncient European Cat Miraculous HolderBọ rùaCernunnosChloé Bourgeois/Queen BeeFélix Graham de Vanily/FlairmidableGabriel Agreste/Hawk Moth/Shadow MothHeraklesHēi MāoHippolytaHua MulanIvan Bruel/MinotauroxJeanne d'ArcJuleka Couffaine/Purple TigressKagami Tsurugi/RyukoLa CoccinelleLa Déesse CoccinelleLa MariquitaLê Chiến Kim/King MonkeyLuka Couffaine/ViperionMarc Anciel/Rooster BoldMax Kanté/PegasusMicazoyolinMudangbeolleMudekudekuMylène Haprèle/PolymouseNathalie Sancoeur/MayuraNathaniel Kurtzberg/CaprikidNino Lahiffe/CarapacePiáo ChóngPied Piper of HamelinRose Lavillant/PigellaSabrina Raincomprix/Miss HoundSasuke SarutobiSun WukongTentomushiTomoe GozenWang Fu/Jade TurtleYi Sun-sinZoé Lee/Vesperia

Future Miraculous holders
Brazilian Miraculous holderFuture Butterfly Miraculous holderLadyLionLadyBlue

Order of the Guardians

Other teams of superheroes

United Heroez

Aeon/Uncanny ValleyAgent BlueAgent RedAgent YellowBarbara Keynes/KnightowlCamilla Hombee/VictoryDean Gate/DoormanHurricaneJessica Keynes/SparrowMercuryOlympia Hill/MajestiaSnowflakeStingThorn

Future characters

Andy Baker/FuryLiv Baker/MystMike Collins/Krush

Main villains
AkumaGabriel Agreste/Hawk Moth

Akumatized villains
AnansiAnimaestroAnimanAntibugBackwarderBakerixBefanaBubblerCaptain HardrockCat BlancCatalystChameleonChristmasterThe CollectorCopycatDarkbladeDark CupidDark OwlDespair BearDesperada • Destroyer • EphemeralEvillustratorFeastFrightningaleFrozerFurious FuGamerGigantitanGlaciatorGorizillaGuitar VillainHeart HunterHorrificatorIkari GozenKing CashKung FoodKwamibusterLady WifiLiesMagician of MisfortuneMalediktatorMimeMiracle QueenMiraclonizerMiraculerOblivioOni-ChanParty CrasherPenalty (Penalteam) • PharaohMr. PigeonPixelatorPrime QueenPrincess FragrancePrincess JusticePsycomedianPuppeteerQilinQueen BananaQueen WaspReflektaRena RageReverserRiposteRiskRobostusRocketearRogercopSandboySanta ClawsSapotisShell ShockSilencerSimon SaysSimplemanSole CrusherStartrainStoneheartStormy WeatherStyle QueenSyrenTechlonizerTruthTimebreakerTimetaggerTroublemakerVanisherVerity QueenVolpinaWeredadWishmakerYanLuoShiZombizou

Banana Boom-BoomButterfly SentimonsterDormant SentimonsterGabriel Agreste/The CollectorGuiltripHack-SanKuro NekoLadybugLollipop BoyLighteyeMega LeechOptigamiReflekdollRobostus sentimonsterSentialecSentibubblerSentinino/SenticarapaceStrikeback

Other villains
CashFélix Graham de VanilyMike Rochip/Techno-PirateNathalie SancoeurLila RossiBob RothSolitude

Future villains
Apkli • Dr. Sadness • Future Hawk MothIgnoblia • Pain and Tears • Monsieur Rat

Miss Bustier's class (Adrien AgresteChloé BourgeoisIvan BruelAlya CésaireJuleka CouffaineMarinette Dupain-ChengLê Chiến KimMylène HaprèleMax KantéAlix KubdelNathaniel KurtzbergNino LahiffeRose LavillantSabrina RaincomprixLila Rossi) • Ms. Mendeleiev's class (Marc AncielAurore BeauréalMireille CaquetJean DuparcZoé Lee) • Kagami TsurugiLuka CouffaineOndineThéo BarbotVivicaWayhem

AugustBoyChris LahiffeElla CésaireEtta CésaireFroggyManon ChamackMrs. Michelle's sonQuentinRythm

Adrien's bodyguardEmilie AgresteAnne-Jeanne Théoxanne du BocqualeArletteThomas AstrucAugust's motherVincent AzaMr. BananaAndréAndré BourgeoisAudrey BourgeoisCaline BustierButler JeanAlec CataldiMarlena CésaireNora CésaireOtis CésaireNadja ChamackSabine ChengChrisHarry ClownClara ContardAnarka CouffaineMr. DamoclesArmand D'ArgencourtDoormanGina DupainRolland DupainTom DupainSimon GrimaultFred HaprèleFire captainClaudie KantéAlim KubdelJalil KubdelMarianne LenoirMaidMs. MendeleievMrs. MichelleJean-Pierre MonlataingClara NightingalePhilippeRoger RaincomprixXavier RamierPenny RollingMrs. RossiBob RothDidier RoustanSanta ClausSarahJagged StoneJean TretiensTomoe TsurugiVéroniqueVincentXYDino Huggie

EdgarFangMinor animalsWhiskers

Kitty Section

Characters from the past
Darkblade (ancestor)


Future characters
Lindalee Rose
Other characters

AliChungDelmarFélix Graham de VanilyJiaoKang

Amelie Graham de VanilyCashChun ChengPrince Ali's chaperoneShu Yin ChengWang ChengYen Cheng


Prodigious Related
Fei Wu/LadydragonWu ShifuRenlings (Hou HouMa MaLong LongHu HuShe SheTang TangXiong XiongYing Ying) • Mei Shi

Akumatized person with helmetIron Armor Akumatized Person
Non-canon characters
Adam/ReplayBreakerDany Boon/GagotorFisherman/SilurusGhetto BlasterHowardCharlotte Basquet/SculptiaJørgenKenyaKenya's father/Trash KrakkenKillabeeLibrarianMetal Face DPublic EnemyShaolin SoulUnnamed superheroesUnused Quantic Kids members (GavrocheKid MimeMelodie) • Wealthy woman